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Parts used -gum ‘resin, stem, leaves

Medicinal Uses – Rheumatism, anti obesity

Guggal an extract of the exudate (gum guggul) of Mukul myrrh tree, contains phytosterols named guggulsterones, organic acids, aromatic acids, diterpenes, lignans, sterols, steroids, esters and fatty acid alcohols. Guggal is preferred to crude gum guggul because it is safer and more effective.
It is alterative, antiatherogenic, antihypercholesterolemic, anti-inflammatory (powerful), antipyretic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antisuppurative, aperient, aphrodisiac, astringent, bitter, carminative, demulcent, diaphoretic, disinfectant, diuretic, emmenagogue, enhances phagocytosis, immunostimulant (increases leukocytes), stimulating expectorant, stomachic, thyroid stimulant, uterine stimulant.
It's active components, Z-guggulsterone and E-guggulsterone, have an ability to lower both cholseterol and triglyceride levels. Specifically, gugulipid lowers VLDL and LDL cholesterol and triglycerides while simultaneously raising HDL cholesterol. This indicates Guggul's primary use for providing a protective effective against atherosclerosis.

Reseach papers

  • Safayhi, H., S. E. Boden, et al. (2000). “Concentration-dependent potentiating and inhibitory effects of Boswellia extracts on 5-lipoxygenase product formation in stimulated PMNL.” Planta Medica. March 66(2): 110-113. {a} Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Auf der Morgenstelle 8, 72076, Tuebingen, Germany
  • Syrovets, T., B. Buechele, et al. (2000). “Acetyl-boswellic acids are novel catalytic inhibitors of human topoisomerases I and IIalpha.” Molecular Pharmacology. [print] July 58(1): 71-81. {a} Department of Pharmacology of Natural Products and Clinical Pharmacology, University of Ulm, Helmholtzstr. 20, D-89081, Ulm, Germany
  • Dennis, T. J., K. K. Akshay, et al. (1999). “Juvenomimetic activity of the gumoleoresin of Boswellia serrata.” Fitoterapia . June 70(3): 308-310. {a} Jawaharlal Nehru Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants Garden and Herbarium, Kothrud, Pune, 411029, India


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