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INDIAN HERBAL INDUSTRY
Introduction :
It is now well recognized that India has a great investment and business opportunity in the Herbal Sector, with the prospects of India emerging as a global leader in the field.
Inspite of India’s vast strength and expertise in herbal sector, the country is still unable to take its rightful place in the global arena due to lack of development of Integrated Herbal Management and Marketing expertise in the country.
Herbal industry involves cross section of functions involving several fields such as chemistry, Botany, Agriculture, Engineering, Technology, Management, Toxicology Study, Testing, Pharmacology, Marketing etc.,
To successfully conceive, design, implement and operate herbal projects, there is urgent need to give a strong information and consultancy network and platform to exchange data and information on the various aspects of the herbal sector.
India can be a strong player, there are several advantages for Indian in the herbal sector, apart from the traditional knowledge base. Such advantages could catapult India as forerunner in the International Herbal Industry.
India is particularly well placed to emerge as a global leader in the herbal industry in view of its bio diversity and number of plant species that are available.
India's Bio-Diversity :
Number of agrochemical zones : 16 Number of algae : 25,000
Number of vegetative zones : 10 Number of Lichens * : 1,600
Number of Biotic provinces : 15 Number of bryophytes ** : 1,800
Number of plant species : 45,000 Number of micro organisms : 30 millions
Number to flowering plants : 15,000 to 18,000 Number of habitats of specific species : 426
Number of fungi : 23,000  
* Lichen is a compound plant consisting of a fungus and an algae living symbiotically, forming crusts and tufts on stones, trees and soil.
* Bryophyte is a member of the Bryophyta, one of the main groups of vegetable kingdom, mosses and liverworts.
MEDICINAL PLANTS EXPORTED FROM INDIA
THE MAIN MEDICINAL PLANTS (AND THE PLANT PART) EXPORTED FROM INDIA ARE GIVEN BELOW :
All these are plants and plant parts the knowledge of use of which is directly derived from indigenous knowledge.
S.No
Name of Plant
Parts
S.No
Name of Plant
Parts
1
Plantago Ovata
Seed and Husk
12
Juglan Regia
Bark
2
Cassia Angustifolia
Leaf and Pod
13
Punica Granaturm
Flower, Root and Bark
3
Rheum Emodi
Rhizome
14
Berberis Aristata
Root
4
Nula Acemosa
Rhizome
15
Juniperus Communis
Fruit
5
Rauwolfia Serpentina
Roots
16
J. Macropoda
Fruit
6
Hedychium Spicatum
Rhizome
17
Heracleum Candicans
Rhizome
7
Zingiber Officinale
Rhizome
18
Picrorhiza Kurroa
Root
8
Colchicum Luteum
Rhizome and Seed
19
Aconitum Species
Root
9
Valeriana Wallichii
Rhizome
20
Saussurea Lappa
Rhizome
10
Acorus Calamus
Rhizome
21
Swertia Chiraita
Whole Plant
11
Adhatoda Vasica
Whole Plant
22
Podophyllum Emodi
Rhizome
 
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